Programming is the process of designing, writing, testing, debugging and maintaining the source code of computer programs.

Calcula is an experimental display typeface inspired by the idea of exploring the grey area between typeface design and lettering.
Typeface stories · 12 June 2017 · English · 2060 words
Designer and programmer Jürg Lehni analyses the evolution of typographic technology and the nature of digital fonts, and introduces Donald E. Knuth’s groundbreaking TeX and Metafont systems. An essay complemented by interviews with Peter Biľak, Erik Spiekermann and Dimitri Bruni (NORM).
Essays · 14 April 2011 · English · 4373 words
Dimitri Bruni of NORM talks to Jürg Lehni about designing with systematic procedures and limitations, the influence of tools and their projects Replica and Sign Generator.
Interviews · 14 April 2011 · English · 1691 words
The fifth chapter of Emily King’s doctoral thesis which focuses on typeface design in the United States, England and the Netherlands between 1987 and 1997.
Essays · 23 January 2005 · English · 16066 words
A discussion from the late 1990s with Erik van Blokland and Just van Rossum about their work as type designers designing programmers.

Just van Rossum,(1966) Erik van Blokland (1967), are known for their work that they done separately together under the name Letterror. They are both graduates from the Royal Academy of Art in The Hague. After a short work for companies abroad (MetaDesign, FontBureau) they started to work freelanced in The Hague. In 1990 they have introduced “random fonts”, computer programmed outlines that print differently in each impression. They have designed over 50 fonts for FontShop and FUSE. In their typographic work they extensively use programming.
Interviews · 29 November 2004 · English · 2326 words