Syllabics Space, Punctuation, and Numeral Variants
The ideal proportions for Syllabics forms within a type system pairing with Latin result in the Syllabics being ideally 10-15% shorter than the Latin cap height. Additionally, the wide, open counter proportions inherent in Syllabics character forms result in the need for a significantly wider word space than that of the Latin script. To accommodate these inherent qualities of the Syllabics, November Stencil fonts provide Syllabics-specific word space, punctuation and special character, as well as numeral variants that a tailored to best suit the Syllabics. For more information about this, and other features specific to the Syllabics script, please read this in-depth article on Syllabics typographic guidelines.
Square Form and Round Form Syllabics Styles
In Syllabics typography, there are two notable style traditions: the Round Form styles, which is traditionally used by Inuktut, Nêhiyaw (Cree), and Anishinaabe (Ojibway) Syllabics-using communities, and the Square Form style, which is the form that users of the Dene Syllabics identify with. These systems differ typographically in their proportional relationships, particularly in the contrast of full and medium height syllabic characters and uni-height letters, and width proportions. November Stencil fonts come in both versions.
Nunavik Local angma (ᖕ)
There is a local preference in Nunavik communities for the angma (ᖕ) finals character, which takes the graphical representation of a combination of ᓐ + ᒃ. This is in contrast to the local preference for this same character in Nunavut Inuktut communities who use Syllabics, who prefer the sequence ᓐ + ᒡ = ᖕ, which is the default representation of this character in Unicode.This is the same character with the same phonetic value across all communities, only that users from each community identify with their locally-preferred form. November Stencil fonts provide both form preferences.
Correct Dakelh (Carrier) Syllabics Forms
The Dakelh (Carrier) Syllabics diverge quite considerably from the other Syllabics orthographies used within Indigenous communities across Canada, and as such, there are many differences between the Carrier Syllabics and the Algonquian, Inuktut, or Dene Syllablics in regards to orthographic and typographic requirements. For several decades, the Dakelh Syllabics were incorrectly represented in the Unicode code charts, and therefore in many common Syllabics typefaces. Typotheque submitted this proposal to the Unicode Consortium to ammend the Syllabics code charts to correct the Dakelh Syllabics glyph representation. These revisions are present in the November Stencil fonts, accommodating the Syllabics forms that Dakleh users expect. Watch this video to learn more about our work in collaboration with the Dakelh and Nattilik local Indigenous communities in the Syllabics project.
- DesignKristyan Sarkis (Arabic)Peter Biľak (Armenian, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Latin)Neelakash Kshetrimayum (Bangla, Meetei)Arya Purohit (Devanagari)Hitesh Malaviya (Devanagari, Malayalam)Akaki Razmadze (Georgian)Parimal Parmar (Gujarati)Shuchita Grover (Gurmukhi)Daniel Grumer (Hebrew)Ramakrishna Manda (Kannada, Telugu)Pratyush Das (Odia)Anand Naorem (Ol Chiki)Pathum Egodawatta (Sinhala)Kosala Senevirathne (Sinhala)Kevin King (Syllabics)Aadarsh Rajan (Tamil)Ekaluck Peanpanawate (Thai)
- ContributorsGor Jihanian (Armenian)Khajag Apelian (Armenian)Oscar Guerrero (Armenian, Bangla, Devanagari, Georgian, Gujarati, Gurmukhi, Hebrew, Kannada, Malayalam, Meetei, Odia, Ol Chiki, Sinhala, Tamil, Telugu, Thai)Nina Botthof (Bangla)Suman Bhandary (Bangla)Irina Smirnova (Cyrillic)Nikola Djurek (Cyrillic, Greek, Latin)Eirini Vlachou (Greek)Andy Clymer (Latin)
- EngineeringLiang Hai (Bangla, Devanagari, Gujarati, Gurmukhi, Kannada, Latin, Malayalam, Meetei, Odia, Ol Chiki, Sinhala, Syllabics, Tamil, Telugu, Thai)Andy Clymer (Latin)
- Persian (Farsi)
- Tajik (Cyrillic)
- Mordvin (Moksha)
- Azeri (Cyrillic)
- Mordvin (Erzya)
- Kildin Sami
- Greek (modern)
- Greek (classical)
- Gurmukhi (Punjabi)
- Irish Gaelic
- Sámi (Northern)
- Sámi (Inari)
- Sámi (Lule)
- Sámi (Southern)
- Azeri (Latin)
- Sanskrit transliteration
- Tagalog (Filipino)
- Crimean Tatar
- Somali (Latin)
- Ndebele (Northern)
- Ndebele (Southern)
- Arabic transliteration
- Seychelles Creole
- Tok Pisin
- Scottish Gaelic
- Old Norse
- Malayalam (Reformed)
- Eastern Inuktut
- Plains Cree
- Woods Cree
- Western Swampy Cree
- Eastern Swampy Cree
- Moose Cree
- Eastern James Bay Cree
- Northwestern Ojibwe
- Western Ojibwe
- Sayisi Dene
- North Slavey
- South Slavey
Single storey `a`
ss01Alternative version of the lower case letter ‘a’, including its accented variants.
smcpMost Typotheque fonts implement the Small Caps feature. In Adobe applications you can replace lower case letters with small caps using the keyboard shortcut (⌘ + ⇧ + H), or the OpenType menu.
All Small Capitals
smcp, c2scThere are two methods of applying small capitals. The first one replaces only lower case letters with small caps. The second method, All Small Caps, also replaces capital letters with small caps. It also replaces regular quotation marks, exclamation points, question marks, slashes and usually also numerals with small caps variants.
Case Sensitive Forms
caseWhen the ‘change to caps’ function is applied from within an application (not when text is typed in caps) appropriate case-sensitive forms are automatically applied. Regular brackets, parenthesis, dashes and hyphens are replaced with their capital forms.
Circled numerals and arrows
dligThe discretionary ligature feature creates real arrows when you type the combination -> (right arrow), <- (left arrow), -^ (up arrow) or ^- (down arrow). It also creates enclosed numerals when you type numerals inside parenthesis, and inverse enclosed numerals when you type numerals inside brackets. Discretionary ligatures are off by default in Adobe applications.
ligaStandard ligatures are those which are designed to improve the readability of certain letter pairs. For example, when this feature is activated, typing ‘f’ and ‘i’ will automatically produce the ‘fi’ ligature. Using ligatures does not affect the spelling and hyphenation of your text in any way.
Proportional Old-style Figures
onum, pnumTypotheque fonts contain various styles of numerals within one font. Proportional Lining Figures come standard in all our headline and newspaper fonts. Their proportions are specifically designed to work well with capital letters (for example, in headlines). The proportional Old-style Figures feature changes standard figures to Old-style Figures which work well in running text, as they have the same proportions as lower case letters with their ascenders and descenders.
Tabular Lining Figures
lnum, tnumTabular figures are for use in tables where numerals need to be aligned vertically. Tabular figures are available as a OpenType feature and have a fixed width in all weights. Typotheque fonts include both Lining and Old-style Tabular figures.
Tabular Old-style Figures
onum, tnumTabular figures are for use in tables where numerals need to be aligned vertically. Tabular figures are available as a OpenType feature and have a fixed width in all weights. Typotheque fonts include both Lining and Old-style Tabular figures.
fracTypotheque OpenType fonts already include a number of pre-designed diagonal fractions. The fraction feature allows you to create other fractions quickly and easily.
supsReplaces all styles of figures (old style, tabular, lining) and letters with their superior alternates, which can be used for footnotes, formulas, etc. Superior characters are more legible than mathematically scaled characters, have a similar stroke weight, are spaced more generously, and better complement the rest of the text.
sinfReplaces all styles of figures (old style, tabular, lining) and letters with their inferior alternates, used primarily for mathematical or chemical notation. Inferior characters are more legible than mathematically scaled characters, have a similar stroke weight, are spaced more generously, and better complement the rest of the text
Bulgarian CyrillicBulgarian readers prefer to set text in a variation of Cyrillic that differs from the standard Cyrillic by using shapes of letters based on cursive handwriting, where letters are easier to tell apart. Typotheque fonts use standard Cyrillic forms as default, and Bulgarian Cyrillic is applied when the text is tagged as Bulgarian. When the Localised forms feature is not available, you can also apply the same forms by using a Stylistic Set.
Serbian & Macedonian CyrillicSerbian and Macedonian Cyrillic has different preferred shapes for some italic letters, which differ from the standard Cyrillic. Typotheque fonts use standard Cyrillic forms as default, and Serbian Cyrillic italic is applied when the text is tagged as Serbian Or Macedonian. When the Localised forms feature is not available, you can also apply the same forms by using a Stylistic Set.