New Faces (Bibliography)

Essays by Emily King
2 877 words15 min read

A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of Kingston University for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (1999)

(i) Historiography
(ii) Typographic History in the Context of Broader Design Historical Models
Chapter One: Technological and Industrial Change: Setting the Scene
Mapping Contemporary Type Design
Chapter Two: The West Coast
Chapter Three: The East Coast
Chapter Four: London
Chapter Five: The Netherlands
List of Interviews



Aicher, Otl, 1988, Typographie, Druckhaus Maack, Germany

Aldersey Williams, Hugh, 1990, Cranbrook Design: the new discourse, Rizzoli, New York

Barthes, Roland, 1977, Images Music Text, (trans. Stephen Heath), Fontana Press, London

Barthes, Roland, 1987, Criticism and Truth, (trans. Katrine Pilcher Keuneman), Athlone Press, London

Baudrillard, Jean, 1996, The System of Objects, Verso, London

Berkvens-Stevelinck, C., Bots, H., Hoftijzer, P.G. & Lankhorst, O.S. eds., 1992, The Dutch Republic as the Centre of the European Book Trade, E.J. Brill, Leiden

Berman, Marshall, 1982, All that's Solid Melts into Air, Simon and Schuster, New York

Bierut, Michael, Drentell, William, Heller, Steven & Holland, D.K. eds., 1994, Looking Closer: Critical Writings on Graphic Design, Allworth Press, New York

Bierut, Michael, Drentell, William, Heller, Steven & Holland, D.K. eds., 1997, Looking Closer 2: Critical Writings on Graphic Design, Allworth Press, New York

Bigelow, Charles, Duensing, Paul & Gentry, Linnea eds., 1989, Fine Print on Type, Lund Humphries, London

Binns, Betty, 1989, Better Type, Watson Guptill, New York

Blackwell, Lewis, 1992, 20th Century Type, Laurence King Publishing, London

Blackwell, Lewis, 1995, The End of Print: The Graphic Design of David Carson, Laurence King Publishing, London

Blazwick, Iwona ed., 1989, A Situationist Scrapbook, Verso, London

Booker, Christopher, 1992, The Neophiliacs: the revolution in English life in the fifties and sixties, Pimlico, London

Boyer, Christine M., 1996, CyberCities, Princeton Architectural Press, Princeton

Brewer, R., 1973, Eric Gill: The Man Who Loved Letters, Muller, London

Brierley, Sean, 1995, The Advertising Handbook, Routledge, London

Broos, Kees & Hefting, Paul, 1993, Dutch Graphic Design, Phaidon, London

Carter, Sebastian, 1987, Twentieth Century Type Designers, Trefoil, London

Cave, Roderick, 1971, The Private Press, Faber and Faber, London

Chambers, Iain, 1986, Popular Culture: the Metropolitan Experience, Methuen, London

Cooke, Lynne & Wollen, Peter eds., 1995, Visual Display: Culture Beyond Appearances, Bay Press, Seattle

Cringely, Robert X., 1992, Accidental Empires, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth

De Mare, Heidi & Vos, Anna eds., 1993, Urban Rituals in Italy and the Netherlands, Van Gorcum, The Netherlands

The Design Museum, 1991, The Dutch PTT 1920-90, The Design Museum, London

De Vinne, Theodore, 1885, Historic Printing Types, The Grolier Club, New York

Docker, John, 1994, Postmodernism and Popular Culture, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Dreyfus, John, 1952, The Work of Jan Van Krimpen, Sylvan Press, London

Du Gay, Paul, Hall, Stuart, Janes, Linda, Mackay, Hugh & Negus, Keith eds., 1997, Doing Cultural Studies: The Story of the Sony Walkman, Sage Publications, London

Du Gay, Paul ed., 1997, Production of Culture, Cultures of Production, Sage Publications, London

Dwiggins, W.A., 1928, Layout in Advertising, New York

Eagleton, Terry, 1991, Ideology: an introduction, Verso, London

Eisenstein, Elizabeth, 1983, The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Emigre, 1993, Emigre: Graphic Design into the Digital Realm, Booth-Clibborn Editions, London

Ewen, Stewart, 1988, All Consuming Images: the Politics of Style in Contemporary Culture, Basic Books, New York

Febvre, Lucien & Martin, Henri-Jean, 1976, The Coming of the Book, Verso, London

Ford, Boris ed., 1988, Modern Britain: The Cambridge Cultural History, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Forty, Adrian, 1989, Objects of Desire: Design and Society 1750-1980, Thames and Hudson, London

Foster, Hal ed., 1983, The Anti-Aesthetic, Bay Press, Seattle

Friedman, Dan, 1994, Radical Modernism, Yale University Press, New Haven

Friedman, Mildred ed., 1989, Graphic Design in America, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis

Frith, Simon, 1983, Sound Effects: Youth, Leisure, and the Politics of Rock n' Roll, Constable, London

Frith, Simon & Horne, Howard, 1987, Art into Pop, Methuen, New York

Frith, Simon, 1988, Music for Pleasure, Polity Press, London

Frutiger, Adrian, 1980, Type Sign Symbol, ABC Editions, Zurich

Fuller, Matthew ed., 1994, Unnatural: Techno-Theory for a Contaminated Culture, Underground, London

Garland, Ken, 1996, A Word in Your Eye, Department of Typography and Graphic Communication, University of Reading

Giedion, Siegfried, 1969, Mechanization Takes Command, Norton, New York

Glaser, Milton, 1973, Milton Glaser: Graphic Design, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth

Glauber, Barbara ed., 1993, Lift and Separate, Herb Lubalin Study Center for Design, New York

Gray, Nicolette, 1976, Nineteenth-Century Ornamented Typefaces, Faber and Faber, London

Handy, Charles, 1991, The Age of Unreason, 2nd edition, Arrow Business Books, London

Handy, Charles, 1994, The Empty Raincoat, Hutchinson, London

Handy, Charles, 1995, Beyond Uncertainty: the Changing World of Organisations, Hutchinson, London

Haraway, Donna, 1991, Simians, Cyborgs, and Women, Free Association Books, London

Harvey, David, 1989, The Condition of Postmodernity, Basil Blackwell, Oxford

Hebdige, Dick, 1979, Subculture: the Meaning of Style, Methuen & Co, London

Hebdige, Dick, 1988, Hiding in the Light, Routledge, London

The Herb Lubalin Study Center for Design, 1998, Blackletter Type and National Identity, The Herb Lubalin Study Center for Design, New York

Heller, Steven & Fili, Louise, 1994, Dutch Moderne, Chronicle Books, San Francisco


Hewison, Robert, 1986, Too Much, Methuen, London

Hill, Dave, 1986, Designer Boys and Material Girls: Manufacturing the 80s Pop Dream, Blandford Press, United Kingdom

Hogben, Lancelot, 1949, From Cave Painting To Comic Strip, Max Parrish & Co., London

Hollis, Richard, 1994, Graphic Design: a Concise History, Thames and Hudson, London

Huygen, Frederique, 1989, British Design: Image and Identity, Thames and Hudson, London

Huyssen, Andreas, 1986, After the Great Divide: Modernism, Mass Culture and Post-modernism, Macmillan, London

Ind, Nicholas, 1990, The Corporate Image, Kogan Page, London

Johnston, P., 1969, Edward Johnston, Faber, London

Jobling, Paul, & Crowley, David, 1996, Graphic Design: Reproduction and Representation Since 1800, Manchester University Press, Manchester

King, Anthony D. ed., 1991, Culture Globalization and the World-System, Macmillan, United Kingdom

Kinross, Robin, 1992, Modern Typography, Hyphen Press, London

Kinross, Robin, 1994, Fellow Readers, Hyphen Press, London

Klein, Manfred, Schwemer-Scheddin, Yvonne & Spiekermann, Erik, 1991, T&T: Type and Typographers, Architecture Design and Technology Press, London

Krauss, Rosalind E.,1985, The Originality of the Avant-Garde and other Modernist Myths, M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Landow, George P., 1992, Hypertext: The Convergence of Contemporary Critical Theory and Technology, John Hopkins University Press, John Hopkins University

Lawson, Alexander, 1990, Anatomy of a Typeface, Hamish Hamilton, London

Levitt, Theodore, 1983, The Marketing Imagination, Collier Macmillan, London

Levy, Steven, 1994, Insanely Great, Penguin, Harmondsworth

Lister, Margin ed., 1995, Photography in the Digital Age, Routledge, London

Lupton, Ellen & Miller, J. Abbott, 1996, Design; Writing; Research, Kiosk, New York

Lupton, Ellen, 1996, Mixing Messages, Thames and Hudson, London

McLean, Ruari, 1975, Jan Tschichold: Typographer, Lund Humphries, London

McLean, Ruari ed., 1995, Typographers on Type, Lund Humphries, London

McDermott, Catherine, 1988, Streetstyle: British Design in the '80s, London Design Council, London

McGuigan, Jim, 1996, Culture and the Public Sphere, Routledge, London

McLuhan, Marshall, 1964, Understanding Media, Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, United Kingdom

McMurtrie, Douglas C., 1943, The Book: the Story of Printing and Bookmaking, Oxford University Press, New York

McRobbie, Angela ed., 1989, Zoot Suits and Second Hand Dresses, Macmillan, London

Margolin, Victor ed., 1989, Design Discourse, University of Chicago Press, Chicago

Meggs, P.B., 1983, A History of Graphic Design, Penguin, Harmondsworth

Moran, James, 1971, Stanley Morison: his Typographic Achievement, Lund Humphries, London

Mores, Edward Rowe (edited and with introduction and notes by Harry Carter & Christopher Ricks), 1961, A dissertation upon English Typographical Founderies (1778), with a catalogue and specimen of the typefoundry of John James (1782), Oxford Bibliographical Society, Oxford

Morison, Stanley & Jackson, Holbrook, 1923, A Survey of Printing: History and Practice, published at the office of The Fleuron, London

Morison, Stanley, 1925, The Art of The Printer, Ernest Benn, London

Morris, William, 1934, The Kelmscott Press, Central School of Arts and Crafts, London

Mort, Frank, 1996, Cultures of Consumption, Routledge, London

Moxon, Joseph (Herbert Davis & Harry Carter eds.), 1958, Mechanick Exercises on the Whole Art of Printing 1683-4, Oxford University Press, Oxford

Muller-Brockman, Joseph, 1971, A Visual History of Communication, Verlag A. Niggli, Zurich

Nava, Mica, Blake, Andrew, MacRury, Iain & Richards, Barry eds., 1997, Buy This Book: Studies in Advertising and Consumption, Routledge, London

Negroponte, Nicholas, 1995, Being Digital, Hodder and Stoughton, London

Neville, Richard, 1995, Hippie Hippie Shake, Bloomsbury, London

O'Reighan, Vulva ed., 1994, This Rimy River: Vaughan Oliver and v23 Graphic Works 1988-94 (peep), 4A.D., London

Olins, Wally, 1989, Corporate Identity, Thames and Hudson, London

Owen, William, 1991, Magazine Design, Laurence King Publishing, London

Pevsner, Nikolaus, 1960, Pioneers of Modern Design, Penguin, Harmondsworth

Pevsner, Nikolaus, 1968, The Sources of Modern Architecture and Design, Thames and Hudson, London

Poggioli, Renato, 1968, The Theory of the Avant-Garde, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Postman, Neil, 1993, Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology, Vintage Books, New York

Poynor, Rick, 1991, Typography Now, Booth-Clibborn Editions, London

Poynor, Rick, 1996, Typography Now Two, Booth-Clibborn Editions, London

Poynor, Rick, 1998, Design Without Boundaries, Booth-Clibborn Editions, London

Pulos, Arthur, 1988, The American Design Adventure 1940-75, M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Purvis, Alston W., 1992, Dutch Graphic Design 1918-1945, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York

Reed, Talbot Baines, 1887, A History of the Old English Letter Foundries, London

Rimmer, Dave, 1985, Like Punk Never Happened, Faber and Faber, London

Romanyshyn, R.D., 1989, Technology as Symptom and Dream, Routledge, London

Ronnell, Avital, 1989, The Telephone Book, University of Nebraska Press, Nebraska

Rookledge, Gordon, 1990, Rookledge's International Typefinder, Sarema Press, London

Rose, Margaret A., 1991, The Post-Modern and the Post-Industrial, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Ross, Andrew, 1991, Strange Weather, Verso, New York

Ross, Andrew & Penley, Constance eds., 1991, Technoculture, University of Minnesota, Minnesota

Roszak, Theodore, 1986, The Cult of Information, Lutterworth Press, Cambridge

Rouard Snowman, Margot, 1992, Museum Graphics, Thames and Hudson, London

Ruder, Emile, 1967, Typography: a Manual of Design, Tiranti, London

Sassoon, Rosemary ed., 1993, Computers and Typography, Intellect Books, Oxford

Savage, Jon, 1991, England's Dreaming, Faber and Faber, London

Schama, Simon, 1987, The Embarrassment of Riches, Collins, London

Seago, Alex, 1995, Burning the Box of Beautiful Things, Oxford University Press, Oxford

Shipcott, Grant, 1980, Typographical Periodicals Between the Wars, Oxford Polytechnic Press, Oxford

Smeijers, Fred, 1996, Counterpunch, Hyphen Press, London

Snyder, Gertrude & Peckolick, Alan, 1985, Herb Lubalin: Art Director, Graphic Designer and Typographer, American Showcase Inc., New York

Sparke, Penny, 1986, An Introduction to Design and Culture in the Twentieth Century, Unwin Hyman, London

Sparke, Penny, 1995, Any Colour as Long as its Pink, Pandora, London

Spencer, Herbert, 1968, The Visible Word, Royal College of Art, London

Spencer, Herbert, 1969, Pioneers of Modern Typography, Lund Humphries, London

Spencer, Herbert ed., 1987, The Liberated Page, Lund Humphries, London

Spiekermann, Erik & Ginger, E.M., 1993, Stop Stealing Sheep and Find Out How Type Works, Adobe Press, Mountain View, California

Stedelijk Museum, 1986, Design and Industry in the Netherlands 1850-1950, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam

Stone, Merlin, Davies, Derek & Bond, Alison, 1995, Direct Hit: Direct Marketing with an Edge, Pitman Publishing, London

Strinati, Dominic, 1995, An Introduction to Theories of Popular Culture, Routledge, London


Tebbel, John & Zuckerman, Mary Ellen, 1991, The Magazine in America 1741-1990, Oxford University Press, Oxford

Teitelbaum, Matthew ed., 1992, Montage and Modern Life, M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Tenner, Edward, 1997, Why Things Bite Back: Predicting the Problems of Progress, Fourth Estate, London

Toffler, Alvin, 1980, The Third Wave, Collins, London

Tracy, Walter, 1988, The Typographic Scene, Gordon Fraser, London

Tschichold, Jan, (trans. Ruari McLean),1995, The New Typography, University of California Press, California

Tumon, Myron C. ed., 1992, Literacy On Line - the Promise and Peril of Reading and Writing with Computers, University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh

Turkle, Sherry, 1984, The Second Self: Computers and the Human Spirit, Simon and Schuster, New York

Turkle, Sherry, 1996, Life On Screen, Simon and Schuster, New York

Twitchell, James B., 1992, Carnival Culture: The Trashing of Taste in America, Columbia University Press, New York

Updike, D.B., 1922, Printing Types: their History, Forms and Use, Vols. I &II, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Venturi, Robert & Scott Brown, Denise, 1972, Learning from Las Vegas, M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Wajcman, Judy, 1991, Feminism Confronts Technology, Polity Press, Cambridge

Wallis, Lawrence W., 1990, Modern Encyclopaedia of Typefaces 1960-90, Lund Humphries

Wallis, Lawrence W., 1993, Typomania, Severnside Printers Limited, United Kingdom

Warde, Beatrice, 1935, Typefaces Old and New, London Bibliographical Society, Oxford University Press, Oxford

Warde, Beatrice, 1955, The Crystal Goblet, The Sylvan Press, London

Washburn, Katherine & Thornton, John eds., 1996, Dumbing Down, Norton, New York

Williamson, Judith, 1978, Decoding Advertising, Marion Boyars, London

Williamson, Judith, 1987, All Consuming Passions, Marion Boyars, London

Wolff, Janet, 1981, The Social Production of Art, Macmillan Press, London

Wozencroft, Jon, 1988, The Graphic Language of Neville Brody, Thames and Hudson, London

Wozencroft, Jon, 1994, The Graphic Language of Neville Brody 2, Thames and Hudson, London

Zapf, Hermann, 1987, Hermann Zapf and his Design Philosophy, Society of Typographic Arts, Chicago

Zuboff, Shoshana, 1988, In the Age of the Smart Machine, Heinemann, Oxford

Magazine Articles

Benedek, András, Not So Quick on the QuickDraw, pp.86-87, Eye, 15/1994

Berry, Turner W., Talbot Baines Reed 1852-1893: Typefounder, Author, Bibliographer, British and Colonial Printer, 28 March, 1952

Byrne, Chuck, Print's New Face, Print, September/October, 1991

Caflisch, Max, Some peaks in type design in the Netherlands, Gravisie 14, Van Boekhoven-Bosch bv grafische industrie, Utrecht, 1989

Carter, Matthew, The Evolution of American Typography, pp.56-64, Design Quarterly, No.148, 1990

Codrington, Andrea, Changing Identities (Laurie Haycock Makela), pp.64-68, I.D., September/October, 1993

Coyne, Dick, Matthew Carter, pp.86-93, Communication Arts, January/February, 1989

Craig, Robert, Ideological Aspects of Publication Design, Design Issues, pp.18-27, Vol.VI, No.2, 1997

Cullen, Moira, The Space between the Letters, pp. 70-77, Eye, 19/1995

Emigre, Do You Read Me?, (Special Type Issue), No.15, 1990

Forde, Gerard, The Designer Unmasked, (Jan van Toorn), pp.57-68, Eye, 2/1991

Frere-Jones, Tobias, Towards the Cause of Grunge, pp.31-34, Zed, 1994

Heller, Steven, Cult of the Ugly, Eye, 9/1993

Heller, Steven, The Man Who Invented Graphic Design, (W.A. Dwiggins), pp.26-35, Eye, 23/1996

Keedy, Jeffrey, The Rules of Typography According to (Crackpots) Experts, pp.48-55, Eye, 11/1993

Keedy, Jeffrey, Zombie Modernism, pp.17-39, Emigre, No.34, 1995

Kinross, Robin, Technology, Aesthetics and Type, pp.36-41, Eye, 3/1991

Kinross, Robin, Conversation with Richard Hollis, Information Design Journal, 5/1, 1992

Kinross, Robin, The Digital Wave, pp.26-39, Eye, 7/1992

Kinross, Robin, Conversation with Erik Spiekermann, pp.29-46, Information Design Journal, 7/1, 1993

Kinross, Robin, Critical Spirit of a Telephone Book, pp.6-7, Eye, 16/1995

Kuitenbrouwer, Carel, The New Sobriety, pp.52-61, Eye, 17/1995

Lupton, Ellen & Miller, J. Abbott, Deconstruction and Graphic Design: History meets Theory, Visible Language, 28.4, 1994

McCoy, Katherine, Reconstructing Dutch Graphics, pp.38-43, I.D., March/April 1984

Miller, J. Abbott, Fabien Baron, pp.10-16, Eye, 18/1995

Mills, Mike, The (Layered) Vision Thing, pp.8-9, Eye, 8/1992

Poynor, Rick, American Gothic, pp.64-67, Eye, 6/1992

Poynor, Rick, Jon Barnbrook, pp.10-16, Eye, 15/1994

Quay, David & Sack, Freda, From Bauhaus to Font Haus, pp.64-68, Eye, 11/1993

Rea, Peter, Dan Friedman, pp.10-16, Eye, 14/1994

Reed, Talbot Baines, Old and New Fashions in Typography, Royal Society of the Arts Journal, 18 April, 1890

Rock, Michael, Beyond Typography, pp.26-35, Eye 15/1994

Rock, Michael, The Designer as Author, pp.44-53, Eye, 20/1996

Rubinstein, Rhonda, Beyond Tulipmania: 10 Dutch Designers on the Edge, pp.110-134, Print, November/December, 1991

Spiekermann, Erik, Matthew Carter, pp.10-16, Eye 11/1993

Stone, Sumner, The Type Craftsman in the Computer Era, Print, March/April, 1989

Unger, Gerard, Dutch Landscape with Letters, Gravisie 14, Van Boekhoven-Bosch bv grafische industrie, Utrecht, 1989

Williamson, Judith, Inflatable Intangibles, pp.7-10, Eye, 28/1998

Unpublished Theses

Bigham, Julia, 1989, The Designers and Art Directors Association in the 1960s, A Reflection of Changes in Graphic Design and Advertising, unpublished M.A. thesis, Royal College of Art, London

Mallison, David Walker, 1976, Henry Lewis Bullen and the ATF Library, unpublished doctoral thesis, Columbia University, New York

Twemlow, Alice, 1996, Ready, Steady, Go!: the evolution of a televisual pop-graphic language 1963-66, unpublished M.A. thesis, Royal College of Art