Syllabics Space, Punctuation, and Numeral Variants
The ideal proportions for Syllabics forms within a type system pairing with Latin result in the Syllabics being ideally 10-15% shorter than the Latin cap height. Additionally, the wide, open counter proportions inherent in Syllabics character forms result in the need for a significantly wider word space than that of the Latin script. To accommodate these inherent qualities of the Syllabics, October fonts provide Syllabics-specific word space, punctuation and special character, as well as numeral variants that a tailored to best suit the Syllabics. For more information about this, and other features specific to the Syllabics script, please read this in-depth article on Syllabics typographic guidelines.
Square Form and Round Form Syllabics Styles
In Syllabics typography, there are two notable style traditions: the Round Form styles, which is traditionally used by Inuktut, Nêhiyaw (Cree), and Anishinaabe (Ojibway) Syllabics-using communities, and the Square Form style, which is the form that users of the Dene Syllabics identify with. These systems differ typographically in their proportional relationships, particularly in the contrast of full and medium height syllabic characters and uni-height letters, and width proportions. October fonts come in both versions.
Nunavik Local angma (ᖕ)
There is a local preference in Nunavik communities for the angma (ᖕ) finals character, which takes the graphical representation of a combination of ᓐ + ᒃ. This is in contrast to the local preference for this same character in Nunavut Inuktut communities who use Syllabics, who prefer the sequence ᓐ + ᒡ = ᖕ, which is the default representation of this character in Unicode.This is the same character with the same phonetic value across all communities, only that users from each community identify with their locally-preferred form. October fonts provide both form preferences.
- DesignKristyan Sarkis (Arabic)Peter Biľak (Armenian, Greek, Hebrew, Latin)Anya Danilova (Armenian)Neelakash Kshetrimayum (Bangla, Meetei)Zheng Chuyang (Chinese, Japanese)Xue Tianmeng (Chinese, Japanese)Zhan Xiaofen (Chinese, Japanese)Xi Yanjun (Chinese, Japanese)Irina Smirnova (Cyrillic)Arya Purohit (Devanagari)Hitesh Malaviya (Devanagari, Malayalam)Akaki Razmadze (Georgian)Parimal Parmar (Gujarati)Shuchita Grover (Gurmukhi)Daniel Grumer (Hebrew)Kazuhiro Yamada (Japanese)Ramakrishna Manda (Kannada, Telugu)Seulki Kim (Korean)Chorong Kim (Korean)Pratyush Das (Odia)Anand Naorem (Ol Chiki)Pathum Egodawatta (Sinhala)Kosala Senevirathne (Sinhala)Kevin King (Syllabics)Aadarsh Rajan (Tamil)Ekaluck Peanpanawate (Thai)
- ContributorsGor Jihanian (Armenian)Khajag Apelian (Armenian)Igino Marini (Armenian, Cyrillic, Georgian, Greek, Latin)Fiona Ross (Bangla)Oscar Guerrero (Bangla, Gurmukhi, Latin, Malayalam, Meetei, Odia, Ol Chiki, Sinhala, Tamil)Nikola Djurek (Cyrillic, Latin)Parimal Parmar (Devanagari)Anya Danilova (Georgian)Lucas Horn (Gujarati, Thai)Elí Castellanos (Hebrew)Subhashish Panigrahi (Odia)Aadarsh Rajan (Sinhala)Arya Purohit (Tamil)Shashi Guduru (Telugu)Purushoth Kumar (Telugu)
- EngineeringLiang Hai (Armenian, Bangla, Cyrillic, Devanagari, Georgian, Gujarati, Gurmukhi, Kannada, Latin, Malayalam, Meetei, Odia, Ol Chiki, Sinhala, Syllabics, Tamil, Telugu, Thai)
- Persian (Farsi)
- Tajik (Cyrillic)
- Mordvin (Moksha)
- Azeri (Cyrillic)
- Mordvin (Erzya)
- Kildin Sami
- Greek (modern)
- Greek (classical)
- Gurmukhi (Punjabi)
- Irish Gaelic
- Sámi (Northern)
- Sámi (Inari)
- Sámi (Lule)
- Sámi (Southern)
- Azeri (Latin)
- Sanskrit transliteration
- Tagalog (Filipino)
- Crimean Tatar
- Somali (Latin)
- Ndebele (Northern)
- Ndebele (Southern)
- Arabic transliteration
- Seychelles Creole
- Tok Pisin
- Scottish Gaelic
- Old Norse
- Malayalam (Reformed)
- Eastern Inuktut
- Plains Cree
- Woods Cree
- Western Swampy Cree
- Eastern Swampy Cree
- Moose Cree
- Eastern James Bay Cree
- Northwestern Ojibwe
- Western Ojibwe
- Sayisi Dene
- North Slavey
- South Slavey
Single storey `a`
ss01Alternative version of the lower case letter ‘a’, including its accented variants.
Single storey `g`
ss02Alternative version of the lower case letter ‘g’, including its accented variants.
ss09November includes alternative version of the lower case letter ‘y’, including its accented variants.
smcpMost Typotheque fonts implement the Small Caps feature. In Adobe applications you can replace lower case letters with small caps using the keyboard shortcut (⌘ + ⇧ + H), or the OpenType menu.
All Small Capitals
smcp, c2scThere are two methods of applying small capitals. The first one replaces only lower case letters with small caps. The second method, All Small Caps, also replaces capital letters with small caps. It also replaces regular quotation marks, exclamation points, question marks, slashes and usually also numerals with small caps variants.
Case Sensitive Forms
caseWhen the ‘change to caps’ function is applied from within an application (not when text is typed in caps) appropriate case-sensitive forms are automatically applied. Regular brackets, parenthesis, dashes and hyphens are replaced with their capital forms.
Circled numerals and arrows
dligThe discretionary ligature feature creates real arrows when you type the combination -> (right arrow), <- (left arrow), -^ (up arrow) or ^- (down arrow). It also creates enclosed numerals when you type numerals inside parenthesis, and inverse enclosed numerals when you type numerals inside brackets. Discretionary ligatures are off by default in Adobe applications.
ligaStandard ligatures are those which are designed to improve the readability of certain letter pairs. For example, when this feature is activated, typing ‘f’ and ‘i’ will automatically produce the ‘fi’ ligature. Using ligatures does not affect the spelling and hyphenation of your text in any way.
Proportional Old-style Figures
onum, pnumTypotheque fonts contain various styles of numerals within one font. Proportional Lining Figures come standard in all our headline and newspaper fonts. Their proportions are specifically designed to work well with capital letters (for example, in headlines). The proportional Old-style Figures feature changes standard figures to Old-style Figures which work well in running text, as they have the same proportions as lower case letters with their ascenders and descenders.
Tabular Lining Figures
lnum, tnumTabular figures are for use in tables where numerals need to be aligned vertically. Tabular figures are available as a OpenType feature and have a fixed width in all weights. Typotheque fonts include both Lining and Old-style Tabular figures.
Tabular Old-style Figures
onum, tnumTabular figures are for use in tables where numerals need to be aligned vertically. Tabular figures are available as a OpenType feature and have a fixed width in all weights. Typotheque fonts include both Lining and Old-style Tabular figures.
Vertically centered colon
caltThis stylistic set centers the colon. Same behaviour can be triggered by the Contextual Alternative feature, which is automatically applied when colon is followed by a lining numeral or a capital letter.
fracTypotheque OpenType fonts already include a number of pre-designed diagonal fractions. The fraction feature allows you to create other fractions quickly and easily.
supsReplaces all styles of figures (old style, tabular, lining) and letters with their superior alternates, which can be used for footnotes, formulas, etc. Superior characters are more legible than mathematically scaled characters, have a similar stroke weight, are spaced more generously, and better complement the rest of the text.
sinfReplaces all styles of figures (old style, tabular, lining) and letters with their inferior alternates, used primarily for mathematical or chemical notation. Inferior characters are more legible than mathematically scaled characters, have a similar stroke weight, are spaced more generously, and better complement the rest of the text
Indigenous American ogoneksIn Polish and Lithuanian the ogonek under the vowels ‘a’, ‘e’, ‘u’ is placed to the right of the letters, while indigenous languages such as Navajo prefer to center the ogonek.
Bulgarian CyrillicBulgarian readers prefer to set text in a variation of Cyrillic that differs from the standard Cyrillic by using shapes of letters based on cursive handwriting, where letters are easier to tell apart. Typotheque fonts use standard Cyrillic forms as default, and Bulgarian Cyrillic is applied when the text is tagged as Bulgarian. When the Localised forms feature is not available, you can also apply the same forms by using a Stylistic Set.
Serbian & Macedonian CyrillicSerbian and Macedonian Cyrillic has different preferred shapes for some italic letters, which differ from the standard Cyrillic. Typotheque fonts use standard Cyrillic forms as default, and Serbian Cyrillic italic is applied when the text is tagged as Serbian Or Macedonian. When the Localised forms feature is not available, you can also apply the same forms by using a Stylistic Set.
Georgian Capital Letters
caseGeorgian alphabet is unicameral, and to convert the lower case letters (Mkhedruli) the capital letters (Mtavruli), you can apply the Case feature.
- մե մէ մի մխ մկմե մէ մի մխ մկ
ligaArmenian letters often have assymetric protruding shapes that may cause spacing issues in text. Ligatures can be used to address the spacing of these letter combinations.
Alternative Armenian հ
ss16November includes two versions of the Armenian lower-case հ. The traditional version comes as a default, and modern variant can be activated by this stylistic set.
Latin Punctuation Variants
ss11Syllabics fonts use shorter versions of numerals and punctuation that visually match better with Syllabics text. This feature replaces them by the numerals and punctuation for the Latin script.
Syllabics Punctuation Variants
ss12For situations when language tagging is not available, apply Stylistic Set 12 to use shorter versions of numerals and punctuation that visually match better with the Syllabic text.
Square Form Alternates
ss13This Stylistic Set replaces the default round form of Syllabics style with the Square form style preferred by some Indigenous communities that use Syllabics.
Nunavik ng local form
ss14This Stylistic Set replaces the default form of the angma ("ng") final character used in Nunavut by the alternative form preferred Nunavik communities.
Carrier preferred midline finals
ss15This Stylistic Set replaces the default final characters positioned at the top line, which is preferred by the Inuktut and Cree and Ojibway communities, by the vertically centered variants preferred by the Dakelh (Carrier) community.